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Thursday, August 7, 2014

Astronomy Picture of the Day

M31: The Andromeda Galaxy 
From NASA’s Astronomy Picture of the Day

Andromeda is the nearest major galaxy to our own Milky Way Galaxy. Our Galaxy is thought to look much like Andromeda.

Together these two galaxies dominate the Local Group of galaxies. The diffuse light from  Andromeda is caused by the hundreds of billions of stars that compose it.

The several distinct stars that surround Andromeda's image are actually stars in our Galaxy that are well in front of the background object. 

Andromeda is frequently referred to as M31 since it is the 31st object on Messier's list of diffuse sky objects. 

M31 is so distant it takes about two million years for light to reach us from there. 

Although visible without aid, the image of M31 was taken with a standard camera through a small telescope. Much about M31 remains unknown, including how it acquired its unusual double-peaked center.

Image Credit & Copyright: Jacob Bers (Bersonic)